Scaling & Root Planing
The initial stage of treatment for periodontal disease is often scaling or root planing. The objective of this non-surgical procedure is to remove calculus (tartar) and plaque adhering to the root surface of the teeth below the gums. Calculus is a bacterial byproduct that can lead to inflammation and periodontal disease if left untreated.
Your periodontist will use a special dental tool called an ultrasonic scaler to perform this procedure.
Antibiotics or irrigation with anti-microbials (chemical agents or mouth rinses) may be recommended to help control the growth of bacteria that create toxins and cause periodontitis.